Salmonellosis treatment


" A true fancier is the one who`s birds are always on top, whether they race under his management or somebody elses generation after generation,a true fancier is the one who love competitions and speak highly about his competitors ...Above all ,a true fancier is the one who teach others into the sport and gladly talk about his winning ways "
 
                                                                           Dacian Busecan.

Salmonellosis (Paratyphus)




Salmonellosis has one of the highest mortality rates of any infectious bacterial disease of pigeons.

Pathogen:
Salmonella typhimurium var. copenhagen, designated as the "pigeon type" salmonella strain.
Given the right conditions, the bacterium can remain infective in the environment for 1 year or more.

Salmonellae are spread by:

  • inhalation of dust containing the pathogen
  • contaminated feed (insects, mice, rats)
  • dirty feed troughs and water bowls
  • mating
  • transmission from the hen to the egg
  • feeding the nestlings with infected crop milk and billing
  • chronic carriers: pigeons that appear healthy after surviving salmonella infection, but shed the pathogen at irregular intervals and thus pose a risk to the current flock and their progeny.

Clinical signs:
Acute form (mainly affects young pigeons):

Enteritis with pulpy, mucoid, greenish droppings; once organs (liver, kidneys, spleen) have become infected, there is growth retardation, emaciation and (in isolated cases) death. Embryos infected with salmonellae frequently die in ovo or during the first few days of life.

Chronic form (mainly affects adult pigeons):

Inflammation causes a thickening of the joints, especially the elbow joint, wing or leg lameness, disorders of balance and torsion of the neck. Recognition of the disease: Bacteriological examination of faecal and/or organ samples. An antibiogram is performed to determine which medication is suitable for treatment purposes.

Other signs of Paratyphoid:

We can spot this desease on the moulting season ...the droping feathers is accompanied with blood on the root end
Loss of condition and weight.
Green slimy droppings.
Swelling of the leg and wing joints.
Limping -pigeons find hard to move on their legs often falling down on their beak
Wings are crawled to the floor because of the swelling joints
Infertile Eggs.

Treatment listed below:













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